By 2050, it is estimated that the number of people living in African cities will double from about 600 million to 1.2 billion, representing the most rapid rate of urbanisation in the world.
President of the African Development Bank, Dr Akinwumi Adesina believes this poses significant development challenges, which will require innovative, African-led solutions.
In his address to the mayors of 15 African cities gathered for the inaugural forum of the African Mayoral Leadership Initiative (AMALI) Adesina provided highlights of how city leaders – supported by national governments – can rapidly transform urban development on the continent, in sustainable ways.
In his views, “there is need to provide greater autonomy and fiscal responsibility to cities and towns, and for national governments to allow them to raise financing to meet the huge needs of development. Instead of simply depending more on transfers from national governments, cities and towns should build their institutional capacity to raise their own financing.”
Dr Adesina noted the critical role that initiatives like AMALI can play in sharing best practices across cities and helping leaders overcome the challenges that urbanisation poses.
He also highlighted the African Development Bank’s commitment to working with city leaders to transform their cities, noting that, on average, the bank’s board approves more than $2 billion per year for projects and programs that have a direct positive impact on urban areas across Africa.
The Bank’s support includes the establishment of an Urban and Municipal Development Fund to provide technical assistance and capacity building for integrated urban planning, governance, project preparation, and broader urban management, including municipal fiscal management.
The Fund provides support in more than 15 cities to help improve the lives of millions of urban residents.
In a clear call to action to Africa’s city leaders, Dr Adesina said, “the Africa we want must be one where our cities are well planned to become drivers of greater economic growth and prosperity for Africa. This cannot happen by chance. The future is not created by a roll of the dice. So let us act to transform Africa’s cities.”
Speaking at the event, Dr Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, Minister of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs of South Africa, exhorted African city leaders to always put people first.
To reduce urban migration, she urged African countries to invest in rural areas and small towns. The Minister also encouraged African countries to prioritise the skills revolution, citing the African continent’s skills gap as a barrier to development.